Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases

  • ISSN: 2322-1836 2322-1828
  • Email: editor@pedinfect.com
  • Journal Type: per-article | Frequency: quarterly
  • Language: EN
  • Organization: Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Research Article
3/10/2016
Amirmorteza Ebrahimzadeh Namvar, Seyed Asghar Havaei, Leila Azimi, Abdolaziz Rastegar Lari, Ramazan Rajabnia
Staphylococcus epidermidis is known as the most significant cause of nosocomial infections. Moreover, bloodstream infection is one of the noticeable and common infections in many wards of health care units, especially in intensive care units (ICU) and neonatal intensive care units (NICU). It has been proved that ... read more
Research Article
2/8/2016
Alka Hasani, Ali Purmohammad, Mohammad Ahangarzadeh Rezaee, Akbar Hasani, Masoud Dadashi
Despite intensive care and treatment strategies, the development of antibiotic resistance to empirical drugs is concerning.The aim of this study was to characterize extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae for integron-mediated quinolone resistance and multidrug resistance (MDR).In this cross-sectional study, 71 E. coli and 63 ... read more
Research Article
6/9/2016
Mojtaba Anvarinejad, Gholamreza Pouladfar, Aziz Japoni, Shahram Bolandparvaz, Zeinab Satiary, Jalal Mardaneh
Diabetic foot infections (DFIs) are an increasingly common public health problem and are associated with mortality and morbidity. The incidence of Enterococci in DFIs, a leading cause of hospital admission in Iran, has been increasing, possibly due to previous antibiotic use.The aims of this study were 1) ... read more
Research Article
16/7/2016
Pejman Abbasi, Mohammad Kargar, Abbas Doosti, Jalal Mardaneh, Sadegh Ghorbani-Dalini, Mohammad Ali Dehyadegari
Diarrhea continues to be one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality among children in developing countries. Recently, some studies have implicated diffusely adherent Escherichia coli (DAEC) strains as a cause of diarrhea. The clinical manifestations of diarrhea caused by DAEC strains may include watery ... read more
Research Article
6/8/2016
Maryam Koshesh, Shahla Mansouri, Zahra Hashemizadeh, Davood Kalantar-Neyestanaki
Escherichia coli is the main causative pathogen in urinary tract infections (UTIs). Antibiotic resistance in this bacterium is an important problem in public health.The aim of this study was to identify the blaTEM, blaSHV, blaOXA, and blaPER genes and AmpC-β-lactamase in clinical isolates of E. coli recovered ... read more
Case Report
18/10/2016
Hoshang Gorjipour, Golnaz Eslamyan, Mehrnaz Mesdaghi, Mahboubeh Mansouri, Abdollah Karimi, Payman Eshghi, Delara Babaie, Mehrdad Amirmoeni, Bahram Bashardust, Marjan Shakiba, Zahra Chavoshzadeh
Nijmegen breakage syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive congenital disorder causing chromosomal instability, characterized by short stature, microcephaly, distinctive facial features, recurrent respiratory tract infections, an increased risk of cancer, intellectual disability, and other health problems. People with Nijmegen breakage syndrome have immunodeficiency. Some patients with ataxia ... read more
Research Article
6/8/2016
Reza Ranjbar, Hamed Memariani, Rahim Sorouri
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) are major pathogens which cause urinary tract infections (UTI) in pediatric patients. The presence of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in these pathogens may further exacerbate infections and hamper successful treatment.We undertook a study to investigate the prevalence of ESBL ... read more
Research Article
5/9/2016
Shahin Najar Peerayeh, Safoura Derakhshan, Fatemeh Fallah, Bita Bakhshi
Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae is rapidly spreading worldwide, creating serious problems in clinical settings.The aim of this study was to describe the molecular and epidemiological characteristics of CTX-M-1 group ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae.Seventeen CTX-M-1 group ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae isolates found among 31 K. pneumoniae isolates in samples ... read more
Research Article
19/9/2016
Mitra Radfar, Minoo Fallahi, Mohammad Kazemian, Samira Borhani
Sepsis is one of the most common causes of neonatal mortality and morbidity in NICUs. Prescription of broad-spectrum antibiotics is increasing; hence, increase in antibiotic resistance is a concern. Information about changing microbial patterns and antimicrobial sensitivity over time helps us to choose the most appropriate antibiotics.The ... read more
Research Article
6/8/2016
Fariba Mohammadi, Hossein Goudarzi, Ali Hashemi, Neda Yousefi Nojookambari, Saeed Khoshnood, Fattaneh Sabzehali
The presence of carbapenemase-producing Acinetobacter baumannii has become a growing concern in patients who are hospitalized in burns centers.The aims of this study were to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and prevalence of blaOXA carbapenemases, as well as to detect the presence of ISAba1, in A. baumannii ... read more
Research Article
19/9/2016
Abolfazl Mahyar, Parviz Ayazi, Marjan Abbasi, Reza Dalirani, Alireza Taremiha, Amir Javadi, Shiva Esmaeily
According to some reports, 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25 (OH) D) deficiency leads to respiratory diseases. Given the high prevalence of acute bronchiolitis in young infants, the assessment of 25 (OH) D status is very important for this disease.This study was conducted to determine the relationship between the ... read more
Research Article
3/10/2016
Doaa Mahdy El-Wakil, Eman Ahmed El-Seidi, Reham Aly Dwedar, Lamiaa Abd El-Fattah Madkour, Hanaa Ibrahim Rady
Estimated as the second or third most prevalent respiratory pathogen in the pediatric population, routine testing for human metapneumovirus (hMPV) can have a pivotal impact on children’s clinical outcome.This cross-sectional analytical study aimed to determine the efficiency of direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) assay as a rapid tool ... read more
Research Article
16/10/2016
Mohammad Javad Nasiri, Abdolrazagh Hashemi Shahraki, Abbas Ali Imani Fooladi, Hossein Dabiri, Mohammad Mehdi Feizabadi
Rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) are increasingly recognized as a cause of human infections. Rapid and reliable identification of RGM at species level should be carried out as a means of effective patient managements.Twenty clinical samples of RGM isolated from suspected tuberculosis (TB) patients were included. Different phenotypic ... read more

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