Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases

  • ISSN: 2322-1836 2322-1828
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  • Journal Type: per-article | Frequency: quarterly
  • Language: EN
  • Organization: Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Review Article
Shree V. Dhotre, Milind S. Davane, Basavraj S. Nagoba
Earlier evidences show that periodontitis with inflamed and ulcerated crevicular or pocket epithelium surrounding the teeth may be a portal of entry for bacteria into the bloodstream. A newly proposed causal model predicts that an early bacteremia may affect the endothelial surface of the heart over many ... read more
Research Article
Farideh Shiva, Anahita Sanaei Dashti, Hossein Hosseini Khorami
Hospitalization exposes young infants to a high-risk environment. The aim of this study was to identify the reasons and risk factors associated with infant hospitalization.Healthy infants of 6 to 24 months of age were recruited from outpatient clinics of university hospitals. Data collected from parents by trained ... read more
Research Article
Ferial Lotfian, Golnaz lotfian, Mohammad Reza Bolursaz, Payam Tabarsi, Aliakbar Velayati
Tuberculosis (TB) is a main health problem worldwide. Despite the high incidence of TB in adolescents, studies mainly focus on the risk factors of TB in adults.The current study aimed at comparing the demographic, clinical, and microbiological characteristics of extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) and pulmonary TB (PTB) in ... read more
Research Article
Mahdi Behdani, Hoshang Rafatpanah, Alireza Mohammadzadeh, Kiarash Ghazvini, Mostafa Amiri, Jalal Mardaneh
Resistance to rifampin in multidrug-resistant M. tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is one of the major threats to the global public health system.The aim of the present study was to explore the molecular characterization of resistance against rifampin amongst multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) isolates obtained from patients.In this ... read more
Research Article
Alireza Mohammadzadeh, Jalal Mardaneh, Reza Ahmadi, Javad Adabi
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous microorganism, which is present in diverse environmental niches and is seldom a member of normal human microbiota community. P. aeruginosa is an increasingly problematic drug-resistant bacterium in today’s world. In fact, we are now faced with growing clones of pandrug-resistant P. aeruginosa ... read more
Research Article
Parisa Badiee, Soheila Zareifar, Pedram Haddadi, Hadis Jafarian
Fungal infections are one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with hematological disorders. The frequency of these infections has increased during the past decades.The rate of fungal infections was investigated in pediatric patients with hematological disorders, using traditional and real-time PCR methods, ... read more
Research Article
Marjan Iranzad, Mojdeh Hakemi-Vala
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common infectious diseases, imposing great costs on the community. Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most frequent pathogen of UTIs. On the other hand, ciprofloxacin is a wide-spectrum antibiotic, used for the treatment of persistent and recurrent UTIs. Nevertheless, the ... read more
Research Article
Maryam Pourzare, Safoura Derakhshan, Daem Roshani
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strains are the most common cause of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children. UPEC isolates express a range of virulence traits promoting effective colonization of urinary tract. The aim of this study was to determine antibiotic susceptibility and virulence determinants of UPEC isolated ... read more
Research Article
Fattaneh Sabzehali, Mehdi Goudarzi, Hossein Goudarzi, Hadi Azimi
The incidence of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) isolates, as causes of hospital-acquired infections, is increasing annually and it is a truly global challenge.The current study aimed at assessing aminoglycoside resistance genes among CNS isolated from hospitalized patients and investigating the prevalence of methicillin and aminoglycoside resistance genes using ... read more
Research Article
Jirakrit Leelarungrayub, Thirasak Borisuthibandit, Decha Pinkaew, Araya Yankai
Pneumonia presents high oxidative stress, which directly affects the lung injury and oxygenation status. Evidence has shown the correlation of oxidative stress markers in tracheal aspirates (TA) in infant patients, however, not before or after chest physical therapy (CPT).The objective of this study was to evaluate the ... read more
Research Article
Faezeh Kabiri, Ramazan Rajabnia, Abazar Pournajaf, Mehrdad Gholami, Meysam Hasannejad Bibalan, Aziz Kassani, Sajad Yaghoubi, Abdollah Ardebili
Allelic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in cytokine-encoding genes can affect the degree of cytokine production, and may be related to the tendency to infectious illnesses as well as various clinical consequences.The aim of this work was to evaluate the possible role of SNPs in the regions of ... read more
Research Article
Houman Hashemian, Abtin Heidarzadeh
Pneumonia is a leading cause of children’s morbidity and mortality worldwide. Some studies have reported that vitamin D deficiency is associated with an increased incidence of lower respiratory illness requiring hospitalization.Due to the weather conditions of Guilan province, Iran, in this study, we aimed at determining the ... read more
Research Article
Saeed Khoshnood, Gita Eslami, Ali Hashemi, Aghil Bahramian, Mohsen Heidary, Neda Yousefi, Fariba Mohammdi, Mehrdad Gholami
Acinetobacter baumannii is an important cause of nosocomial infections, particularly in burn patients. Hospital Infections caused by these bacteria are difficult to treat.The present study aimed at determining the frequency of genes encoding aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes in A. baumannii strains isolated from burn patients in Shahid Motahari hospital.This ... read more
Sayed Alireza Mirsane, Nasrin Oraei
Case Report
Shirin Sayyahfar, Rozita Hoseini
Kawasaki disease (KD) is the second most common vasculitis of medium-sized vessels in children. Hypertension is rarely reported in this disease.Herein, we report a 5-month-old male infant with atypical KD and new onset of hypertension without cardiac involvement or renal vessel stenosis. Hypertension was self-limited and resolved ... read more
Case Report
Mojtaba Kamali Aghdam, Kambiz Eftekhari
Infectious mononucleosis is a relatively common childhood disease caused by the epstein-barr virus (EBV). Typical cases are seen in young children and are mostly clinically mild or asymptomatic. In this disease, leukocytosis with predominance of lymphocytes is found. Classical clinical symptoms associated with atypical lymphocytosis in the ... read more

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